This relatively small country boasts one of the most climatically diverse regions in the world. The soil, rainfall, humidity, altitude, and temperature vary enough that seven distinct coffees are produced in Guatemala; Antigua, Fraijanes Plateau, Rainforest Cobán, Highland Huehuetenango, Atitlan, Volcan San Marcos, Oriente.
Guatemalan coffees are some of the most amazing fragrant and aromatic coffees in the world. The natural shade and jungle of the Guatemalan highlands are the perfect environment for the bourbon botanical variety of arabica (a spontaneous variety of the original typical), which lends itself to a very nice and very natural full cup.
Nearly all of Costa Rican coffee worthy of mention – and qualifying as gourmet quality coffee – is grown in the high mountain volcanic soils of Costa Rica's central valley. The best grades of Costa Rican coffee are grown in four districts surrounding the capitol of San Jose.
These four districts – Tarrazu, Tres Rios, Heredia and Alajuela – are ideal locations for the cultivation of coffee. The water and soil, rich and deep with a thick humus layer of volcanic origin, along with the climate, are irreplaceable factors that make the coffee grown in these areas truly gourmet quality.
The elevation, temperature, and rainfall are ideal for coffee production. The combination of ideal climactic conditions with outstanding soils produces a hard, dense bean, rich in essential oils that produce an intensely aromatic cup of coffee overflowing with rich flavor.